Bodybuilder Supplements, Muscle Gaining Supplements, Most effective Bodybuilding Supplements

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Your Guide to Bodybuilder Supplements & Sport Nutrition

Bodybuilding and sport supplements contain specific ingredients that help achieve your specific goals. It is important to understand what the main ingredients are and how they work.
This is the first part of this guide.
The second part of the guide tells you about individual types of supplements and what they can do for you.

PART ONE OF THE GUIDE

Protein

Protein is without doubt the most important supplement for bodybuilders and anyone engaged in weight training and muscle development. However endurance athletes and active individuals equally rate protein as an important part of their diet.

What is Protein?
Protein is the building material for the growth and maintenance of all body tissue including muscle, blood, skin, hair, nails, internal organs, brain and heart. It is also vital for formulating hormones such as testosterone, enzymes and antibodies. Protein is broken down during digestion into simpler units called amino acids, the building blocks of protein. The amino acids are stored in an amino acid 'pool' which the body draws on 24 hours a day. Once the amino acids enter the muscle they reform into protein again that the body then uses for tissue growth and repair.

Are There Different Kinds of Protein?Eggs are a great source of protein
There are a number of different sources of protein each offering specific nutrition for bodybuilding and fitness enthusiasts. Below is a general guide to the most common and probably the best proteins.
Whey Protein:
Whey protein is a fast absorbing protein which can be taken at anytime of the day. Especially good post workout.
Whey Isolate Protein:
Whey Isolate protein is a fast absorbing low fat, low carb protein that is great for taking post workout. Ideal for those who want to build muscle and lose fat.
Soy Protein:
Soy protein is low fat, low carb vegetable protein ideal for general health and fitness.
Egg Protein:
Egg protein is lactose free and good for lean muscle growth and for developing a toned physique.
In addition there is also milk proteins, hydrolyzed whey protein and casein.

How Much Protein Should You Take?
This is a difficult one. Too little protein and you can suffer poor muscle tone, low energy levels, slow recovery from wounds and poor resistance to infection. Too much and you can cause damage to your kidneys. Active people, but particularly bodybuilders and those looking for a supplement for sports enhancement need more than the average person.
The amount of protein required is usually worked out on body weight and your activity levels. Below is a guide.

Type of training
Daily protein requirements per kg body weight (g)
Sedentary
0.59 - 0.8
Endurance athletes - moderate to heavy training 1.2 - 1.4
Strength and Power Athletes 1.4 - 1.8
Athletes on a fat loss program 1.6 - 2.0
Athletes on a weight gain program 1.8 - 2.0

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are the primary fuel of the human body. You get carbohydrates from pasta, bread, potatoes, grains, fruit and vegetables. The smallest molecules of carbohydrates are sugars. You can not train hard without a good carbohydrate source.

What are Carbohydrates?
Carbohydrates are your bodies preferred energy source. When carbohydrates are digested they break down into single sugars. This sugar is then transported to the liver, where it is converted into glucose or blood sugar. Most of this glucose is carried by the bloodstream to provide energy to the muscles and brain. A small amount of glucose is converted into glycogen and stored in the muscle and liver. Glyocgen is the single most important fuel for endurance athletes. Excess glucose is converted into fat as a reserve fuel source.

Are There Different Kinds of Carbohydrates?Pasta is high in carbohydrates
There are three main types of carbohydrates. Simple carbohydrates (sugars),  complex carbohydrates (starches) and fibre.

Simple carbs:
Provide a great source of instant energy. They quickly enter the bloodstream and give an immediate energy boost. However it is short lived and if they are not used they can easily be stored as fat. So use simple carbs sparingly or when you need to deliver nutrients to the muscles at times when they most need it.

Simple carb food examples
:
• Cereals
• Fruit juice
• White bread
• White pasta
• Full fat milk
• Yoghurt

Complex carbs:
These are the best carbohydrates to take as they release there energy over a long period of time and allow you more time to utilize their energy before they start their process of being stored as fat.

Complex carb food examples:
• Oatmeal
• Fruit
• Vegetables
• Wholemeal bread
• Brown rice
• Skimmed milk

Fibre:
Does not provide any particular energy source but is vital at removing waste from the body.

High fibre food examples:
• Wholegrain cereal
• Nuts and seeds
• Wholemeal, granary bread
• Wholemeal pasta, rice

Creatine Monohydrate

One of the most talked about supplements of the last decade. Research has shown that Creatine increase muscle mass and performance in sport and in explosive activities such as weight training, bodybuilding, sprinting and combat sports

What is Creatine?
Creatine is a natural product, not a steroid and has no deadly side effects. It is derived from an amino acid manufactured in the liver, pancreas and kidneys. From there it is transported by the bloodstream to the muscles. More than 90% of Creatine is stored in the muscles with a small amount in the brain and heart. Put very simply, Creatine helps create energy through a complex chemical process in the muscle to provide the muscle with quicker muscle contraction. It also acts as a lactic acid buffer. Lactic acid is a chemical compound that builds up in the muscle and causes that tight burning feeling. The energy from Creatine is short lived which makes it only important for short, high intensity activities.
Creatine powders and Creatine tablets are available to be taken as a supplement.

PART TWO OF THE GUIDE

Using the daily protein requirements table above you should now have a good idea how many grams of protein you should be taking per day to achieve your specific goals. Sports nutrition supplements are a great way of supplementing your diet, however they are not a replacement for a poor diet and should never be taken as the primary source of protein. The best way to gain muscle is through a clean diet of complex carbohydrates, lean meats or fish and 1-2 protein shakes per day to meet your protein target.
Below you will find a comprehensive list of supplements to help you achieve your goals.

Protein Supplements

Scitec Soy protein

Protein powders are a convenient way of adding quality protein to your diet. They are generally high in protein content with very few carbohydrates making them ideal as a morning or post-workout snack. Our extensive protein powder range includes a mixture of Soy protein, Milk protein, Casein protein and Egg white proteins, there is even Protein Coffee available for your daily fix of caffeine and protein in one.

For people with lactose intolerance or vegetarians there is the delicious Scitec Soy Pro with BCAA, glutamine and arginine.

View our full range of Protein Powders


Diet Protein Powders

Scitec New Form Diet Protein

Diet protein powders are ideal for dieters and bodybuilders on a cutting cycle as they are very low in calories and fat content. Each brand will have their own unique ratio of protein to carbohydrates suited to which ingredients are included. Most will also contain fat burning ingredients such as CLA, L-Carnitine and help suppress the appetite.

The Scitec New Form diet formula has a good dose of appetite blunting fiber, with 15g of protein per serving and only 5g of carbohydrates.

View our full range of Diet Protein Powders


Whey Protein Powders

Scitec Anabolic Whey Protein

Whey protein is the most popular supplement on the market because it absorbs quickly into the body it is ideal for post-workout or before bedtime. Because whey is a fast acting protein it doesn't sit heavily on the stomach like some high calorie supplements and has a high protein/low carbohydrate ratio per serving. They are also high in branched chain amino acids (L-Glutamine, Taurine) making them one of the best muscle builders around.

One of the most powerful whey protein formula's is the Scitec Anabolic Whey fortified with glutamine and taurine.

View our full range of Whey Protein Powders


All-in-One Supplements

NRG TTP Anabolic Hardcore

As the name suggests an all-in-one contains the correct balance of protein, carbohydrates, creatine, branched chain amino acids, vitamins and minerals in one handy serving. Sci-Mx Omni-Mx Hardcore and NRG TTP Anabolic are two of the most popular. They are perfect for the individual who is short on time or who has not got the budget to work out an individually designed bodybuilding supplement program. Serious bodybuilders may not find enough of certain ingredients in an All In One, particularly if taken over a period of time but they still make a great supplement to fall back on if time and money is tight even for the most hardcore bodybuilder.

View our full range of All-in-One Supplements


Meal Replacement Formula's

Sci-MX Lean Grow MRF

Meal replacement formula's (MRF's) are a high calorie supplement of 400-600 calories per serving that are ideal for the hard gainer to take between meals or post workout. MRF's usually have an equal amount of carbohydrates and protein per serving which means your protein intake remains high and the slow release carbohydrates make them great for bulking cycles.

Lean Grow MRF by Sci-MX is one of our most popular with over 400 calories per 110g serving, 44g protein and 49g of carbohydrates makes it a convenient way to take in the required calories.

View our full range of Meal Replacement Formula's


Weight Gain Supplements

Scitec Jumbo Weight Gainer

To gain weight you have to be taking in more calories than you use. Weight gaining supplements are designed to add extra calories to your diet, with the correct blend of high quality proteins, carbohydrates and fats.

Most bodybuilders need to meet extreme calorie requirements (4000 plus calories a day) and to do this with food alone is very difficult but by taking a weight gain supplement such as Scitec Jumbo at nearly 1000 calories a serving, it is possible. Look for a weight gainer that has as little saturated fat as possible. If you are taking it immediately before or after a workout go for one with a high carbohydrate content. This is the prime time to feed your muscles with fast acting carbs, so they can drive the insulin cycle and get the amino acids into the muscle cells quickly. You body will need the calories during this time, so don't be afraid of taking in a lot of calories. Just keep the fat content lower. If you struggle to put on weight go for the high calorie weight gainer.

Creatine
is a great addition to a weight gainer for Creatine requires high amounts of quick acting carbs which most weight gainers are made from. The best supplements are those that use quality ingredients so be careful with very cheap bodybuilding supplements and cheap sport nutrition supplements.

View our full range of Weight Gain Powders


Protein FlapjackMeal Bar Supplements

The majority of nutritional supplements come in powder or tablets but meal bars are a great way of getting the best proteins and energy boosting carbohydrates in an easy to consume bar that can be eaten anytime.
The best supplements are those that use quality ingredients so be careful with very cheap bodybuilding supplements and cheap sport nutrition supplements.

View our full range of Meal Bar Supplements


Growth Hormone / Testosterone Boosters

Sci-MX 17-T Somatocri-MX

Growth Hormone and Testosterone boosters are key muscle growth performance supplements and are designed to work by boosting natural growth hormone and testosterone levels. Testosterone is one of the key hormones responsible for muscle growth and fat storage and levels have been proven to drop with age. Growth hormone is produced during deep sleep and in response to very intense exercise and works in conjunction with testosterone (in the male body at least) to promote healthy tissue growth and repair, and in part is responsible for regulating fat storage. Both men and women can take this to boost natural levels of growth hormone to increase rates of fat burning and muscle growth.

Sci-MX 17-T Somatocri is one of the most potent growth hormone and testosterone boosters on the market as it naturally drives testosterone production and boosts growth hormone.

View our full range of GH/Testosterone Boosters


Fat Burners / Weight Loss Supplements

Losing weight is not easy and will require a great deal of discipline, will power and planning. However there are now a range of weight loss supplements that can assist in reaching your goal. They are not wonder drugs and will not make you lose weight if you continue to sit on your bottom and eat large amounts of calories. But used along side an exercise routine they are now showing to improve the weight loss outcome.

Scitec Liquid Carni-X Fat BurnerThere is still a lot of research going on but the ingredients used have been getting very positive results. One of the main ingredients used in weight loss supplements is Green Tea. Green Tea appears to help the body heat up, (thermogenic) in other words increase fat metabolism. Other ingredients act as appetite suppressants and one, white bean extract, decreases starch absorption, preventing high calorie carbs getting into your system.

The weight loss supplements that increase the metabolism are also called fat burners.
Not all fat burners are created equal! Fat burners differ greatly in price due to their ingredients list. The simplest fat burners will contain things like L-Carnitine, L-Arginine, and L-Organine. These are amino acids normally found in protein which have been found to assist in the breakdown and utilisation of dietary fat (the fat you eat). Next up are the stimulant based fat burners. These aim to increase the speed at which your body works, thus increasing the daily calorie expenditure. The most effective (and, not unusually, the most expensive) are the thermogenic supplements. These actually tell your body to generate more heat and therefore use more calories even when you‘re resting. These are usually combined with all the other elements mentioned to give a three-pronged attack to the calorie burning process.

Weight loss supplements have come along way and the antidotal evidence has been very good.
The best supplements are those that use quality ingredients so be careful with very cheap bodybuilding supplements and cheap sport nutrition supplements.

View our full range of Weight Loss Supplements


Sci-Mx Creatine MonohydrateCreatine Supplements

Creatine can be taken as Creatine powder or Creatine tablets. What Creatine does has been described in detail above. Some Creatine supplements however have added ingredients to make it more effective. In standard formulations Creatine has to have a 'loading phase' where you take more in the first few days/weeks and then drop back to a maintenance dose. Some formulations such as Sci-Mx CREA-MX Hardcore no longer require this loading phase and it also includes ingredients that transport the Creatine faster.
The best supplements are those that use quality ingredients so be careful with very cheap bodybuilding supplements and cheap sport nutrition supplements.

View our full range of Creatine Supplements


Amino Acids

Scitec G-BombAmino acids are known as the building blocks of protein and are found within protein food sources that when digested the body breaks them down into specific amino acids. There are 20-22 amino acids. 8 of which are considered essential including L-Lysine, Phenylalanine, Methionine, Branched chain amino acids (BCAA's) and Leucine, A free-form Amino Acid supplement contains a wide spectrum of amino acids (essential and non-essential) making them ideal for muscle repair and growth.

L-Glutamine is one of the most popular amino acids that bodybuilders strive to get into their diet from food or protein powders, however for a more effective form use Scitec G-Bomb that contains four types of Glutamine.

View our full range of Amino Acids


Scitec Liquid GuaranaStimulants

Containing powerful ingredients for increasing energy levels, cognitive performance  and boosting metabolic rates these stimulant based supplements are perfect for pre-workout or when you require fast-acting energy. These products include caffeine, taurine and guarana extract in liquid or powder form.

View our full range of Stimulants


Pre-workout Formulas

Scitec hot BloodPre-workout formula's are very similar to stimulants as they can contain Guarana and Coffee to increase focus and energy levels. The real difference is the addition of Nitric-Oxide boosters that dramatically increase cell volume in the muscles giving you insane muscle pumps when training. Also included in a majority of pre-workout formula's is Citrulline malate that can help reduce the build up of lactic acid making for a more intense workout.

Hot Blood by Scitec is our most popular pre-workout nitric oxide based formula available in both powder and capsule form.

View our full range of Pre-workout formulas


Energy / Endurance Supplements

Rich Gaspari Size OnEnergy drinks come in various guises depending on what you want them to do. From the
Sci-Mx EnduroFuel which is a simple/complex carb mix designed simply to give both an instant and a prolonged energy boost for endurance events, to Rich Gaspari's Size On which combine an energy drink with muscle volumisers, vitamins, and a stimulant to give the most intense workout imaginable.

Recovery complexes are intended to be used straight after a workout as they contain, along with protein and other nutritional elements, simple carbs which are absorbed very quickly to replenish tired muscles.
The best supplements are those that use quality ingredients so be careful with very cheap bodybuilding supplements and cheap sport nutrition supplements.

View our full range of Energy Supplements


Vitamins / Minerals

Scitec Monster 100Multi vitamins have been around for a while now, most of which include a large spectrum of vitamins essential to the maintenance of the body. There are now though much more powerful all-in-one vitamin and performance packs such as Scitec's monster 100 which contains amino acids for muscle retention and building, L-carnitine for fat burning, Nitric oxide boosters for pre-workout and even joint support.

View our full range of Vitamins and Mineral Supplements


Back to Part One of the Guide
Back to Part Two of the Guide


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